Ghana’s Population Surpasses 33 Million, Marking Significant Milestone

Ghana’s population has now exceeded 33 million, signifying a crucial demographic milestone. This growth follows the 2021 population and housing census, which recorded the population at 30.8 million.

According to the Ghana Statistical Service, the nation is expected to add approximately 711,706 individuals annually between 2021 and 2030, projecting a population of 37.24 million by the end of the decade.

Urbanization is also set to increase, with the urban population anticipated to rise to 60.7% by 2030 from 56.7% in 2021. This trend is likely to place additional demographic pressure on Greater Accra.

Moreover, by 2050, the proportion of Ghana’s population aged over 60 is expected to grow to 10.8%, up from the current 6.5%, indicating a significant demographic shift that has been evolving over recent decades.

Professor Samuel Kobina Annim, the Government Statistician, highlighted the implications of these projections, stressing the importance of revisiting discussions on retirement age to address the aging population.

Several factors contribute to this population surge, including improved healthcare, reduced infant mortality rates, and urbanization trends drawing rural residents to urban centers.

With this ongoing population growth, policymakers and stakeholders must prepare for increased demands on infrastructure, healthcare, education, and employment opportunities. This demographic shift presents both opportunities and challenges for Ghana’s development.

A larger workforce could drive economic productivity and innovation, but it also requires careful planning to ensure sustainable development, equitable resource distribution, and social cohesion.

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